The United States is primarily born in a revolutionary war against colonial Britain and the revolutionary values of the country have never been completely shed. Unlike other countries, the United States is a republic and has never practically had a Tory or any significant socialist party. It is a federal republic where the president, the Congress, and the Federal share equal power that has been reserved to the national government, in accordance with the Constitution. This was initially formed by the Founding Fathers back in the year 1787.
While the executive branch is primarily headed by the President and at the same time is formally independent of both judiciary and legislature. The cabinet, another crucial part of the political system in the US serves as a panel of advisers to the President. The advisers include Vice President and the heads of executive departments. While the judicial branch composed of the Supreme Court, the lower federal, on the other hand, exercises judicial power.
Two crucial political parties comprise of the United States government-the Democrats and the Republicans.
Republicans usually support a higher degree of conservative views and support policies with an aim to reduce the federal regulations. It further contributes to strengthening the military and also lays a strong boost in capitalist endeavors.
On the other hand, democrats usually lean towards more left or liberal opinions and support the policies with an aim to strengthen social services. It also supports policies regarding environmental protection while making business accountable for labor.
Although each of these parties comprises a distinct philosophical stance, a proper continuum exists between each of them. The political system in the United States and that of the other democracies differ in two major points. The major differences include the following:
Balance of power between three government branches
The election of the public officials along with the need to maintain the balance of power between the distinct branches of government, the legislative, judicial, and executive, strongly dominate the scenario. This system that facilitates each branch being accountable to that of other essentially tends to restrict the authority of any particular government.
America has witnessed the political domination of the two major parties, including the Democratic Party and the Republic Party. The country had witnessed the domination of these two parties since the inception of the American Civil War. Although there is a strong existence of several other smaller parties such as the Green Party, the Constitution Party, the Libertarian Party, and a few others. While the Democratic Party is known as a center-left liberal party, the Republican Party is also widely popular as a center-right conservative party.
The decisions are taken by the Legislative branch or the Congress that comprises of House of Representatives and Senate writes, amends, and also passes bill that the President needs to sign as a notion of forming into a law. The executive branch has the power to veto any bill through the President. Whenever the President does veto any particular bill, the legislative branch needs to overturn the action with a two-thirds majority in each of the legislative houses.
The President Election: the most crucial election in the US
It is in the hands of the people who are responsible for electing the legislative and executive branches. On the other hand, the executive branch appoints all members of the judicial branch and is subject to approval by the legislature. Undoubtedly, the most crucial election in the country is that of the President. While a number of individuals mistakenly believe that Congress tends to elect the President, however, it is not the case. In order to maintain an equivalent balance of power, the states elect the legislature individually. Each of the states tends to elect the legislature distinctively. The states elect two distinct representatives to the Senate for a period of six years, while only one single portion of Senate seats come up every two years. Each state has a varying degree of seats reserved that depends on the population.
Lobbyists and their strong influence
Without specific representation in distinct political parties, a number of interest groups need to find several alternative methods to get the voices heard in varied legislative processes. A number of companies along with several others tend to hire professional lobbyists that aids in advocating for a number of essential causes.
A lobbyist refers to someone who has been paid for influencing a change among the government agencies, the legislation, the legislators towards the interests, and intention of the clients in concern. The lobbyists might even write the legislation which is presented to the committee or legislature. The lobbyists usually tend to represent each and every industry and their interests that include tobacco, auto manufacturing, insurance, farming, textiles, technology, and so on.
These lobbyists are usually lawyers, or individuals with the former positions in the government, or former members of the legislative and other individuals of several related posts. The lobbyists are widely hired by a number of companies and other interest groups due to their influence and access.
Political Action Committees
The committee comprises of a special interest group who are responsible for raining money with an aim to influence and also support specific political parties and candidates. The groups take an interest in the social and economic issues with the groups being as diverse as Trial Lawyers Association, the American Medical Association, National Rifle Association, and National Education Association. The groups have proved it a majorly powerful one in recent years and have emerged as powerful forces in the election process.
Unlike in varied parliamentary systems, residents in the United States usually vote for a particular candidate instead of selecting and scrutinizing a specific political party. With a federal government, the officials get elected at state, local, and federal levels. On the other hand, the president is elected indirectly by the common people on the national level. The election is performed through an Electoral College. Each member of the House of Representatives, Senate, Congress, and offices at local and state levels are elected directly.
With a varying system, politics in the United States have indeed gained commendable popularity in terms of its norms and incorporations.
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