So, let us find out which new technologies in 2020 have been listed by Gartner, one of the leading advisory and research companies in the world.
1. Human Augmentation.
It is the method of using technology for delivering physical and cognitive improvement as an inseparable part of human experience. The first one aims at altering the physical abilities through the implementation or hosting of a technology element on the body, for instance, a device that can be worn on some part of it. Cognitive augmentation, on the other hand, involves accessing of information and exploitation of applications in the traditional computer systems and the multi-experience interfaces that exist in smart spaces.
2. Autonomous Things.
These are physical devices using Artificial Intelligence for automating functions just like human-beings. Robots, autonomous ships or vehicles, drones, and appliances are a few examples of such things. We have many robots that are capable of performing tasks in a self-dependent manner. We have drones that are capable of flying alone without requiring the help of a human being. With further development of this new technology, we will soon be able to see more such autonomous stuff.
This is basically the permutation of modalities such as voice, touch and gesture and apps and devices with which the users interact during their digital journey across the touchpoints. Multi-experience development refers to the creation of suitable apps based on modalities specific to certain touchpoints. It also ensures a consistent user experience throughout web, wearable, mobile, immersive and conventional touchpoints.
Here, a combination of different tools such as intelligent business management software, Artificial Intelligence and robotic process automation for making AI-based decision-making more effective. It is the next advancement of technology after Robotic Process Automation and helps in moving a step ahead.
5. Democratization of Expertise
This refers to allowing people access in technical expertise in application development, Machine Learning or expertise in business domains such as economic analysis or sales process. Citizen access such as access as citizen data scientists as well as citizen development evolution. The democratization of development includes AI tools for use in custom-developed applications
6. Transparency and Traceability
Organizations are sensing high risk in maintaining the private data of the employees. Transparency and traceability refer to the technologies, attitudes, and actions for the preservation of an ethical approach of using advanced technologies like AI and help in building trust in favor of the companies.
The companies need to focus on personal data privacy, control and ownership, AI and Machine Learning and Ethically Aligned Design.
7. Distributed Cloud
This is the distribution of cloud public services across locations as the public cloud provider takes full responsibility of governance, operations, the evolution of and updates to the service.
Gartner believes there has been a remarkable change as compared to the central model of public cloud services. It might usher in a new era in the history of cloud computing.
8. Edge Computing
It involves the collection of content, processing of information, bridging the gap between the repository, source, delivery, and consumers of the information. The traffic and processing are kept local for reducing the latency, exploitation of the abilities of the edge and enabling a greater economy. Delivering distributed or disconnected abilities in the embedded IOT for industries like retail and manufacturing is the origin of the present focus on Edge Computing. It is the determining factor in almost all industries. It is fast developing with newer devices being added to the clan.
9. AI Security
It is highly probable that enabling of hyper-automation and leveraging autonomous things for delivering business transformation will end up creating new challenges for the security team, the CISO and the risk leaders of a company. There will be an increase in potential attack points of microservices, cloud computing, IoT and highly connected systems that are in the smart space.
The need of the moment thus includes the protection of AI-powered systems, leveraging of AI for enhancing security defense and prediction of criminal use of AI.
10. Practical Blockchain
Blockchain has the ability to restructure the industries by providing transparency, enabling value and trust, reducing costs and transaction settlement times and enhance the cash flow. All these will make the blockchain transparent and asset tracking and identifying contamination in it (if present) would become easier.
These are the top ten technologies in 2020 that one must be aware of in this new decade!
Author: Writers Desk
Also Read: Augmented Reality vs Virtual Reality