What we usually refer to as dandruff could sometimes be an Eczema that affects the scalp and can cause seborrheic dermatitis. This type of Eczema mostly affects the scalp. In babies, it is known as cradle cap.
Red, Itchy, and sometimes inflamed skin could be Eczema of a different type.
Scalp eczema is stubborn, It can occur without any warning. It may also just come and go of their own without any treatment. However, the symptoms of Scalp Eczema can be managed but cannot be completely cured.
In this article, you will learn about the risk factors associated with scalp eczema, how to prevent it, and what you can do if it occurs.
Triggers and Risk Factors.
What causes Scalp Eczema is not exactly known, but it affects 5% of the general population. Men are slightly more affected by this over women. Stress, Genes, Hormones, illness are the factors that trigger scalp eczema.
There are also other medical conditions that make people more prone to Scalp Eczema are.
1. Any diseases that weaken the body's nervous and immune system like HIV or Parkinson's.
2. Skin conditions such as acne, psoriasis, rosacea.
3. Allergy such as asthma or hay fever.
4. and other types of eczema.
The other risk factors that cause scalp eczema are
5. Dry Skin
6. Cold and Dry Weather.
7. Greasy Hair.
Difference Between Eczema and Dandruff
Once triggered scalp eczema can worsen with the combination of normal skin properties. In this, a naturally occurring sebum, a yeast that lives on the skin and Malassezia a skin fungus plays a major role.
The sebaceous glands expellees a waxy fatty substance which is known as Sebum but too much of this case greasy scales which further develops scalp. This leads to the overgrowth of the otherwise normal skin fungus called Malassezia.
It is Malassezia fungus irritates the sebaceous glands of the scalp which further causes Dandruff. The body's immune response gets triggered and causes the distinctive scaly rashes.
In short, dandruff is just one amongst the other symptom of scalp eczema.
What are the Symptoms?
Scalp eczema does not just form red patches by making them red, itchy, and oily but also affects other oily areas of the body like eyelid, face, nose, and eyebrows.
It may also affect the ear canal and result in the discharge of fluid from the ear.
Scalp Eczema can make your skin waxy, greasy, or blistered. The infected patches of skin can also release clear liquid.
Even after healing the color of the infected patch may change.
There is no proved treatment to cure scalp eczema however medical treatment can give you some relief by removing the scalp buildup and reducing itchiness.
This treatment includes applying shampoo, cream, or a gel to apply on your scalp.
Shampoos that contact following one or one ingredient are most effective on scalp eczema.
2. Zinc Pyrithione.
3. Selenium Sulfide.
4. Salicylic Acid.
5. Coal Tar.
In mild cases of scalp eczema, it is observed that antifungal creams, sprays, or ointment which contact coal tar or corticosteroids calm the irritation and stop flaking.
In severe inflammation can be stopped with a mild corticosteroid. To treat the active flare-up marked by itchiness, redness and flaking doctors may prescribe topical corticosteroid. However, the corticosteroid is not advised for longer use.
Other than this Doctors may also prescribe topical drugs that are non-corticosteroid this works by suppressing the immune system called calcineurin inhibitors. People can take it for a longer period of time.
Doctors may prescribe an oral antifungal medicine for more severe cases.
Some natural remedies have helped relieve the symptoms of scalp eczema and they are.
1. Tea tree oil.
2. Aloe Vera.
3. Olive Oil.
In some cases, the following dietary supplement has also proved helpful.
2. Vitamin A, D, B
How you can prevent it?
By reducing stress and avoiding suspecting irritants you can avoid flare-ups and this is typically hair dyes, harsh soap and hot water however irritants may affect different to different people.
In adults scalp eczema occurs between the age of 30-60. In some cases, it is observed that scalp eczema goes without any treatment. It may last for a year and come and go without any warning. To control the itchiness and scaly skin treatment is often necessary.
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