Health and Fitness

What is Scalp Eczema? Know Its Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Methods.

What is Scalp Eczema? Know Its Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Methods.

A type of eczema which causes inflated, dry and itchy skin on your scalp is called Scalp Eczema. The most common type found in this are dermatitis and seborrheic it's most unwelcomed symptoms is dandruff. Whenever a baby gets scaly and flaky skin it's called cradle cap.

(Seborrheic) Scalp Eczema Symptoms. 

The formation of skin patches could be the symptoms of scalp eczema which are:

1. Flaky.

2. Red and Scaly.

3. Itchy and burning sensation.

4. Greasy or Waxy.

5. Causing discharge from the ear if it continues from Scalp to ear.

6. Oozing or have "weeping" lesions.

7. Change in skin color post healing. 

People with other skin condition such as allergic contract dermatitis ( an inflammation caused due to allergic reaction to a certain substance.), psoriasis, rosacea, atopic eczema (often occurs in those with seasonal or asthma.) may develop similar symptoms to those as scalp eczema.

People usually, get confused over psoriasis and scalp eczema. Compared to Scalp Eczema Psoriasis are more whiter scale and leave sensitive skin patches that can bleed easily when scratched.  There were cases where both Psoriasis and Scalp eczema have occurred at the same time. 

Reason That Causes Scalp Eczema

A common inflammatory condition Seborrheic Dermatitis is caused due to excessive production of sebum a natural oil secreted by the sebaceous gland. It is non-contagious tough.

Since seborrheic dermatitis is associated with the sebaceous glands it can also effect other parts of body such as (eyebrows, face, eyelids, center of the face.) upper chest, ears, upper back, arm pits and genitals.

There is a strong association between Seborrheic Dermatitis and yeast of genus Malassezia these are normally present in skin but overgrow in people with skin condition. Scientist do not fully understand the exact connection between eczema symptom and yeast but researchers suggest that non- specific immune reaction might be the culprit. That is, some interaction between Malassezia, their metabolites ( a substance which is produced during metabolism) and immune cells and skin result in inflammatory reactions.   

The Triggers and Risk Factors of Scalp Eczema.

There are numerous factors that contribute to Scalp Eczema. The Trigger includes extreme weather, particularly dry and cold weather.

Some of potential Trigger which includes in eczema are:

1. Illness.

2. Harsh Chemicals from detergent and soaps.

3. Hormonal changes

4. Medication such as psoralen (for psoriasis) lithium and interferon.

5. Alcohol-based lotions or heavy alcohol.

6. Exposure to an allergen.

7. Heavy sweating.

Also people with the below condition may have an increased risk of Scalp Eczema.

1. Obesity

2.. Allergies or a family history of allergies like  asthma, hay fever, atopic eczema.

3. HIV / AIDS.

4. Nervous system disorder that included traumatic brain injury, epilepsy, Parkinson diseases and stroke.

5. Depression or eating disorder.   

Medication for treating Scalp Eczema

Currently there are no medication to completely cure scalp eczema or Seborrheic Dermatitis however there are few over the counter which you can used twice or thrice in a week.

The chemical ingredients in this shampoo will help you ease inflammation and get rid of scaly, red and itchy skin.

1. Salicylic Acid.

2. Zinc.

3. Coal Tar.

4. Ketozonazole.

5. Selenium Sulphide.

6. Resorcinol.

Typical ointments, spay or cream can also be applied which will help you stop irritation and flaky  skin.

If you are suffering from severe eczema you much see your doctor who would suggest you with the heavier doses of medicines of the above mentioned ingredients or medicines containing with
Tacrolimus, sulfacetamide ciclopirox, carticosteroids ciclopirox.

How can you prevent Scalp Eczema.

There are ways by which you can prevent getting Scalp Eczema and trigger and take care of your skin.

Try these below recommended steps to prevent Scalp Eczema.

1. Manage Stress - Well.

2. Avoid exposure to suspected allergens and irritants.

3. Shampoo your hairs after heavy sweating (such as after workout) since perspiration can be a trigger.

4. Clean your scalp with luke warm water never use hot water.

Also Read: 8 Scalp Problems You Definitely Don't Want To Ignore

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