Today on 31st May The World observes No Tobacco Day: Here in this article we will show India's role on this. Also, read about History and Significance.
The World No Tobacco Day is observed with the aim of spreading awareness about its effects and avoid spreading prevalent diseases due to its consumptions. This day is observed every year with a different theme and this is its "Protecting youth from industry manipulation and preventing them from nicotine and tobacco use."
History of World No Tobacco Day
In 1987 WHO created World No Tobacco Day in order to create awareness and bring attention to the preventive diseases and death it cases amongst the people. The aim of creating this day was to help those who were struggling to get over tobacco addiction which will make them quit smoking for 24 hours. Further in 1988 passing another resolution WHO to observe No Tobacco Day on 31st May. In 2008, WHO banned any advertisement that would attract youth by promoting the use of tobacco. Check the Fact Sheet by WHO Here.
Nearly 8 million people die every year due to tobacco use amongst them are 1.2 million second-hand smokers who are vulnerable and exposed to these smokers. Tobacco use is the root cause of tuberculosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) which further causes oral or mouth cancer. Nearly 3,30,000 people die due to oral cancer every year. This is one of the most prevalent diseases in India. It contributes to nearly 30% of cancer cases according to (The Indian Council Of Medical Research) ICMR
Measures Taken by India.
According to SAGE a journal published in 2018 India is the second-largest consumer of Tobacco in the world. The Cigarette Act was passed by India in 1975 which forced the cigarette manufacturer to display a statutory warning on the packet. Later in 1988 smoking in public was declared illegal. The sale of Toothpaste and tooth powder that contained tobacco was banned in 1992. 2003 brought Cigarette and other tobacco products (COTP) which made it mandatory for manufacturers to display pictorial warnings on the packets. A complete ban on advertisement and smoking in public was imposed. Till day many bans and restrictions have been imposed over its advertisement and sale but nothing seems to be bringing any major change. In my opinion, rather than imposing a ban on the public or its ads, the government should ban its productions if they really want to bring any change. Sign the petition here.
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